For the federal government, the distribution of NWTs and the structure of territorial government was a public matter of government that concerned all NWT residents, not Aboriginal rights. Canada was not prepared to negotiate Nunavut at a land claims table. Negotiations on the 1978 and 1979 fonal claims made virtually no progress due to the impasse in Nunavut. Several First Nations and Métis NT groups negotiate settlements based on Indigenous and contractual rights rather than using the comprehensive claims process. The federal government negotiates differently with the Métis in NT than in the rest of Canada. Many NT communities have mixed First Nations and Métis populations. That is why their interests are negotiated collectively. Negotiations with dene and Métis began in 1981. Prior to 1990, negotiations for a new treaty in this area were fostered by cooperation between different groups of dene and the Métis of the region. The Negotiators of the Dene and The Métis reached an agreement in principle, but after 1990 this common front collapsed due to a disagreement over the principle of accepting modern treaties with a language that seemed to destroy the rights of the natives rather than confirm them. The Dene and Métis General Assembly erupted into several groups, each following its own rules with the government.
The Gwich`in Fonal Claim was settled in 1992, followed by the Sahtu Dene and Métis Comprehensive Land Claim in 1994; And the Tlicho Fonational Claims and Autonomy Agreement with the four 11 communities in the North Slavic region was concluded in 2003. The Dehcho First Nations Tribal Council represents 10 First Nations and three Local Métis. In 1999, the Dehcho process began with negotiations for a framework agreement, followed by an agreement on interim measures, both signed in 2001. The Interim Resource Development Agreement, signed in April 2003, provides a share of federal licence fees related to resource development in the Mackenzie Valley. These framework agreements build on existing contracts to preserve and promote the cultural and economic well-being of Aboriginal members and communities in the Dehcho territory. Comprehensive fonal claims agreements, also known as modern treaties, define the ongoing legal, political and economic relationships between Aboriginal parties, the federal government, and the provincial or territorial governments that have signed these agreements. To date, 24 Claim Agreements (CLCAs) covering approximately 50 per cent of Canada`s land mass have been ratified and come into effect since the announcement of the Canadian government`s damage policy in 1973. In 1982, a referendum was held in the Northwest Territories to test public support for partition. A small majority of participating voters supported the concept. The Constitutional Alliance was formed, consisting of members of the NWT Legislative Assembly and representatives of Aboriginal organizations to follow the initiative. It has created two sub-groups, the Western Constitutional Forum and the Nunavut Constitutional Forum. In 1987, they negotiated the Iqaluit Agreement, which proposed that the boundary of division be based on the boundary between the Inuit fonal claim and the Dene-Métis and Inuvialuit fonal claims, and that the boundary be approved by referendum.
The Inuit and dene-Métis, however, were unable to agree on a boundary between their claims. As a result, the agreement was not implemented and the two constitutional forums and the constitutional alliance were dissolved. . . .